A new study published in the Social Science Research journal has revealed which countries are the world’s biggest bookworms by surveying adults across 31 countries, between the ages of 25 and 65, about how many books they had in their home when they were 16.
Estonians, who lead the world, averaged 218, with 35% of households owning 350 books or more.
Norway and Sweden placed second and third respectively, with 212 and 210 books or more.
The Czech Republic beat out English-speaking nations like the UK and US, coming in fourth place with an average of 204 books per household; on the lower end of the spectrum was Turkey (27), with 60% of households saying they had only five books.
Denmark rounded out the top five.
According to the study, conducted by Australian National University and the University of Nevada in the US, having more books growing up improves educational outcomes.
Adults with university degrees who grew up with fewer books had the same level of literacy as those who left school in year nine but who had a lot of household books as teens.
The Czech Republic’s ranking should come as no surprise. Czechs spend seven billion CZK annually on books; the country is also one of the most library-dense in the world with over 90 libraries per 100,000 residents.